English property law was imported, through colonization, to the earlier types of law in the U.S.A., Canada, Australia and New Zealand. A few of their territories, or those nations, have modified this law that was historic. A report on England’s old land system supplies us with a priceless glimpse of history regulating the asset of them all: land. Land has been the kind of wealth. Land ownership in England that was ancient, as with objects, depended on ownership. You’d it, you owned it. You wanted it, you fought it. You found it, you kept it. There had been no courts or police force prepared today, because we know them to recognize or enforce rights.
This changed by the Norman conquest in 1066 with the conquest of England. William decreed he possessed all the land by right of conquest from England. Not one acre of England was exempted from this expropriation. A range of land grants filed this vacuum of land given by the King to people of the English that were prepared to recognize him his Norman officers to either. The system’s principle was that nobody owned the king, although land. This expressions dominion directum and dominion utile are frequently used at describe the relative property of king and lords, the first as landlord the latter as tenant.
Of this represents a significant difference between real estate and chattels. Chattels can be owned outright. Even today, in those nations that have inherited the temporary system, All land is owned by the Crown, persons just have an estate in the land. The device utilized by this king to control and administer his property was that of tenure. Tenure has been this key component of this feudal system. This king struck a bargain with a god to get a big chunk of land. The lords that held their tenure straight from the king had been called tenants-in chief or in capite.
Following the conquest of 1066, it was of this group of people that formed the Basis of English aristocracy and started, by this process of subletting this king’s land, this execution of the feudal system. A lord would contract with commoners, into whom he’d sub grant the exclusive ownership and use of part of the real possession in exchange for goods or services. Of this subdivision of the king’s property has been known as subinfeudation and a long chain of tenure took root, with the king constantly being in the head of the chain. Significant regulations of feudal legislation relating to the rights and duties of lords and tenants are available in the 1215 Magna Carta. The tasks conferred by the king and lords had been exchanged for a broad range of goods or services like Knight service or free and common socage, which referred into service or goods other than people military.